Manufacturing is responsible for almost 45% of total energy consumption in the US and a similar
portion in other countries. Machine energy consumption accounts for a big portion of 45% and thus understanding
how machine tools consume energy helps to minimize energy consumption by design optimization of the machine tools,
strategic operation control, energy balance on the production line, and energy footprint and control of supply
chain. Monitoring and control of horizontal and vertical integration of total manufacturing infra can be achieved
by IIoT (Industrial Internet of Thing) with a similar manufacturing paradigm called smart manufacturing,
digital manufacturing, and industry 4.0.